Neuropsychiatric Disorders

The essence of neuropsychiatry is the assessment, diagnosis and management of any condition, usually involving the brain, which may present unusually with physical or mental health symptoms

Condition Overview

There are no well-defined criteria to say when a disorder is ‘Neuropsychiatric’, as opposed to being simply psychiatric.The essence of neuropsychiatry, however, is the assessment, diagnosis and management of any condition, usually involving brain, which may present unusually with physical symptoms and/or mental health problems.

When presentations are not obviously due to the effects of actual brain or nervous system disease, or any other physical illness e.g. viral infection, the task of a neuropsychiatrist is to explore psychiatric factors, to end relentless over-investigation, which is costly to the NHS and often of little help in management. More information about this can be found in the Section on ‘Functional Neurological Disorders’.

In this Section we are concerned with diseases which are complicated by additional neuropsychiatric symptoms.

Neuropsychiatric Disorders Diagnoses


This is sometimes called ‘acute confusional state’.

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Autoimmune/Immuno-inflammatory Diseases

Many autoimmune diseases have potential to affect mental state and cause psychiatric symptoms such as depression or agitation, apathy, fatigue, psychosis and cognitive dysfunction.

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Meningitis, Encephalitis and Other Brain Infections

Brain infections such as meningitis and encephalitis are fortunately not very common, but they need rapid diagnosis and treatment in hospital to minimise the harm that can be done.

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Neuropsychiatric Conditions Arising From Nutritional Deficiencies

There are a number of essential water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins that are required for good health and if there is deficiency this can lead to illnesses.

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As well as ‘functional seizures’, about which more can be found on this website under the section ‘Functional Neurological Disorders’, many patients suffer with epileptic seizures, with a lifelong need to take anti-epileptic medication.

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The Complications of General Psychiatric Disorders

Many general psychiatric disorders can be perfectly stable and well managed by colleagues in general adult psychiatry, until something unusual happens. For example, a patient well managed for years with depot anti-psychotic medication for schizophrenia, develops a movement disorder, seizures, a memory problem, or new psychotic symptoms.

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Why work with me?

  • I am qualified in both General Medicine (to hospital medicine standard) and in Neuropsychiatry. It is very rare to find this in any psychiatrist nowadays. This is how I am able to diagnose many complex psychiatric problems which are often poorly dealt with in general psychiatry
  • I have over 25 years’ experience as a psychiatrist. I have worked for the NHS since starting my career in medicine in 1987
  • An holistic approach in treating patients means I take the time to listen.  This gives me the best chance to piece together the whole picture and provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan back to good health
  • I am an Expert in Medicolegal cases. I am one of the leading figures in this field and have worked on over 120 cases in the past three years alone
  • I am an Expert psychiatrist.  This means I can provide second opinions to other Consultants/Doctors

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Psychiatric Disorders and Conditions | Dr Mayur Bodani

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